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> [[fr:Tailler des Frames Automatiquement]]
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One advantage a Frame has over an Emacs Window is that the frame can be made to fit the buffer it displays. With windows, this wouldn’t make much sense, since multiple windows tiled in the same direction (in the same frame) have the same width or height. (You can vary the height or width of all windows tiled in the same direction, but even that is not very natural.)
This is not only possible for frames, it is also very useful. It means that most buffers need never be displayed with wrap-around or truncated text. And a frame need never be larger than what is needed to display its buffer.
‘fit-frame’ “shrink-wraps” a frame to fit its displayed buffers or just its selected buffer – always within the limits imposed by the maximum-size user options (see below). Its behavior depends on the prefix argument, if any, that you use:
‘C-u’) means to use only the selected buffer in the frame to compute the frame size. The resulting frame size would fit that buffer if it were the only one shown.
‘C-u’) means that you will be prompted for the new frame width and height.
‘fit-frame-fill-column-margin’, for the new frame width. The frame height is not changed.
Goldilocks And The 3 Frames -- Here are some screenshots:
The resulting size is determined automatically by
‘fit-frame’, but there are user variables that give you control over this calculation. Alternatively, with a non-negative numeric prefix argument,
‘fit-frame’ prompts you for an absolute width and height. A negative prefix argument uses the value of
‘fill-column’ for the width.
Because I found this so useful, I decided to apply shrink-wrapping automatically, by default, to all frames. To do this, the first step was just to use
‘fit-frame’ as a hook function, whenever a frame is created:
(add-hook 'after-make-frame-functions 'fit-frame)
This takes care of fitting normal, user-created frames at their creation, but what about when a different buffer is displayed in an existing frame? Other changes I made (see below) modified Emacs behavior to use frames generally, instead of Emacs windows. To get Emacs to fit all frames whenever appropriate, I redefined a few important functions so that they called
‘fit-frame’ at the appropriate time.
Each of these functions was changed to fit the frame if the buffer’s window is the only one in it:
I also added function
‘temp-buffer-show-hook’. This hook (undocumented in Emacs 20) is used by a few standard Emacs functions; for example,
‘fit-frame’ if the frame has only one window.)
Having done this, I created various user variables to turn automatic frame fitting on/off.
In a few cases, I used these variables to inhibit inappropriate frame fitting in standard Emacs functions. For example, in function
‘compile-internal’, which performs a
‘grep’ operation and displays the results of the process, I temporarily reset option
‘fit-frame-inhibit-fitting-flag’ to inhibit premature fitting of the output buffer frame by
(let ((fit-frame-inhibit-fitting-flag t)) (display-buffer outbuf))
Another useful user option for frame-fitting is
‘fit-frame-skip-header-lines-alist’. It takes care of modes, such as InfoMode and DiredMode, that have headers that are sometimes much wider than the rest of the buffer. You use this option to tell
‘fit-frame’ to ignore header lines when calculating the buffer width. The result is a better fit: a narrower frame with less empty space at the right – the long header lines are wrapped.
The remaining user options for frame-fitting are described in the doc string of command
‘fit-frame’. Widths are in characters; heights are in lines.
‘fit-frame-empty-height’– Width and height of new empty frames.
‘fit-frame-empty-special-display-height’– Same thing, but for special-display frames.
‘fit-frame-min-height’– Minimum width and height for frames. The actual minimum is at least this and
‘fit-frame-max-height-percent’– Maximum percent of the width of your display to use for a frame. These are used only if
‘nil’(the default). By default, the maximum frame width is 94 percent of your display width, and the maximum frame height is 82 percent of your display width.
‘fit-frame-max-height’– Maximum width and height for frames. Leave these set to
‘nil’unless you want to override the automatic calculation of the maximum size based on your display size.
‘fit-frame-fill-column-margin’– When you use a negative prefix arg with
‘fit-frame’, the frame width is this plus
‘fill-column’. Depending on the average word length of the language used in the selected window, you may need different values for this. This is buffer-local.