Here are the instructions to build XEmacs without MULE on a GNU/Linux system.
In your XEmacs mirror site, download the following files:
From either the stable or the gamma (nearly stable) directories, get an XEmacs tarball. It is called xemacs-<version>.tar.gz, eg. xemacs-21.4.6.tar.gz.
From the packages directory, get xemacs-sumo.tar.gz. This will automatically be the latest released tarball with all packages included.
Unpack both as root, for example in /usr/local/src. This will give you two directories, xemacs-<version> and xemacs-packages.
I will assume you will want to use stow to install into /usr/local. That is why we build using the /usr/local prefix, but install using the /usr/local/stow/xemacs prefix. Stow will then link all the files into /usr/local. If you don’t want to use stow, do not provide a prefix to the make install command and skip the remaining instructions.
Enter the xemacs-<version> directory, and then run:
./configure make make install prefix=/usr/local/stow/xemacs cd /usr/local/stow/xemacs
Now you will need to resolve some conflicts if you have GnuEmacs, GnuClient installed as well as XEmacs. In my case, I decided to leave the Emacs version of all files, so I delete the XEmacs version here, before stowing in /usr/local.
rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/man/man1/etags.1 rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/man/man1/ctags.1 rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/etags rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/ctags rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/man/man1/gnuserv.1 rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/gnuclient rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/gnudoit rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/b2m rm /usr/local/stow/xemacs/bin/rcs-checkin
Go to the parent directory of xemacs-packages. In my example, that would be /usr/local/src. You want the xemacs-packages to reside in /usr/local/lib/xemacs.
Without stow, you can just do the right thing:
mv xemacs-packages /usr/local/lib/xemacs
With stow, things get a bit more complicated:
mkdir -p /usr/local/stow/xemacs-packages/lib/xemacs mv xemacs-packages /usr/local/stow/xemacs-packages/lib/xemacs cd /usr/local/stow stow xemacs-packages